What is the holy text of Islam?
- The Holy Text of Islam is called the Quran (pronounced KU-RAH-N)
- The Quran (which means “recitation” in Arabic) is the sacred scripture for the Muslims and is believed by the Muslims to be God’s final revelation to humankind
- The Quran was revealed in Arabic to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel over a period of approximately 23 years, in which 114 chapters (called surahs) were revealed to him.
- For Muslims, Muhammad was neither the author nor editor of the Quran. Therefore the Quran is the eternal, literal word of God preserved in the original Arabic language.
- Muslims believe that the Quran was initially preserved in oral and written form during the lifetime of the Prophet.
- The entire text was finally collected in an official standardized version some fifteen or twenty years after his death.
- Its chapters are for the most part assembled according to length, beginning with the longest and ending with the shortest, not edited or organized thematically.
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