Islam has certain core beliefs or “pillars” which unite all Muslims.
It is Obligatory on every Muslim to follow and hold on to these practices and beliefs. They are:
Shahada (Faith), it’s a declaration of faith that says “ There is no god but Allah (and) Muhammad is the messenger of Allah” it is obligatory to recite it in order to revert to Islam.
Salaat (prayer) Muslims observe Five Daily prayers namely, Fajr (dawn), Dhuhar (Noon), Asr (afternoon), Maghrib (evening) and Esha (night). Muslims all over the world pray while facing in the direction of the Kaaba and shoulder to shoulder in Congregation (Jama’ah) in mosques which symbolizes Equality and Unity.
Zakat (alms-giving) the Word “zakat” means Purification. It is charity based on accumulated wealth, which can be 2.5% of a Muslim’s total Income or savings. It is the personal responsibility of each Muslim to ease the economic hardship of others and to strive towards eliminating inequality.
Sawm (fasting): It is Obligatory on every healthy adult Muslim to fast in the month of ramadhan. In addition to abstinence from food and drink from dawn until sunset, One must also refrain from smoking, engaging in sexual intercourse, Ill speech or any sinful behavior that may negate the reward of fasting.
Hajj (pilgrimage): Physically and Financially Capable Muslims must carry out this pilgrimage at least once in their Lifetime. The gathering during Hajj is considered the largest annual gathering of people in the world. Millions of Muslims from all over the world gather in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia in the month of Dhul Hijjah.