ISLAM & OTHER FAITHS


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How do Islam and Hinduism relate?

Topic Islam Hinduism
Population 1.3 billion 900 million
God Believes in one God who created all things. One Supreme Reality (Brahman) manifested in many gods and goddesses.
Messengers In Islam there are said to have been 313 messengers sent by God and about 124,000 prophets. Islam recognizes 25 messengers the last of which being Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and the first being prophet Adam. N/A
Books Quran and Hadiths. The Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, Puranas etc.
Angels Believes in Angels, who are beings made of light who serve God with no will of their own. Hindus believe in multiple beings ranging from spirits, angels, demi-gods and gods. Depending on the certain school of belief these beings may or may not be considered angels. There are mainly three kinds of mythical beings mentioned in Hindu scriptures that may be considered as angels by some.
Prayer Salah (Prayer) 5 times a day, Muslims also gather together at a Mosque on a Friday for communal prayers (Jummah). Yoga, meditation, worship (puja), devotion to a god or goddess, pilgrimage to holy cities, live according to one's dharma (purpose/ role).
Charity Zakah, Every year a Muslim is obliged to pay 2.5% of his savings to charity. Giving charity in Hinduism is known as Dana. It is said to lead to a "perfection" of unconditional generosity, giving and letting go. It is not however compulsory.
War Islamic ruling goes into great detail about the conduct during warfare. Some of the main aspects include: only engaging in warfare in self-defense of your people, forbidding of harming women, children or the elderly, forbidding of disrespecting dead bodies, forbidding of destroying enemy crops or livestock, forbidding of harming enemy religious practitioners. The Hindu guidelines for war are outlined in the Dharma-yuddha a concept meaning Righteous War. These guidelines include, only fighting during the day, single combat(no multiple combatants may harm an individual combatant), warriors are allowed to surrender and thus become a prisoner of war and shall be unharmed in battle, warriors may only fight each other if they have the same weapon and are of the same class (e.g. infantry, mounted soldier).
Meaning of Life Humans are to not get so attached to this material life and instead should worship and be mindful of God always so as to move closer to him and ultimately be rewarded with their place in Paradise. Humans are in bondage to ignorance and illusion, but are able to escape. Purpose is to gain release from rebirth, or at least a better rebirth.
Life after death All beings created with reason will be accountable to God Almighty on the Day of Judgement. They will be rewarded for every atom's weight of good, and either forgiven or punished for their evil deeds. A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached.
Definition Islam is an Arabic word which means "Submission or surrender your will to God in Peace". The word Hindu has geographical significance and was used originally for those people who lived beyond the river Sindhu or the region watered by the river Indus. Hindus themselves, call their religion "Sanatana Dharma,” meaning "Eternal Law."

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