ISLAM & OTHER FAITHS


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How do Islam and Buddhism relate?

Topic Islam Buddhism
Population 1.3 billion 360 million
God Believes in one God who created all things. Buddhists do not follow a god but some Buddhists do believe in the existence of gods and supernatural beings.
Messengers In Islam there are said to have been 313 messengers sent by God and about 124,000 prophets. Islam recognizes 25 messengers the last of which being Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and the first being prophet Adam. No prophets accepted in Theravada Buddhism.
Books Quran and Hadiths. Tripitaka (Pali Canon), Mahayana sutras like the Lotus Sutra and others.
Angels Believes in Angels, who are beings made of light who serve God with no will of their own. Buddhists hold a similar belief to Hindus in that there are divine beings that exist who are powerful have long lives and cannot be seen by humans. These beings are called Devas or Devata.
Prayer Salah (Prayer) 5 times a day, Muslims also gather together at a Mosque on a Friday for communal prayers (Jummah). Practices of the Threefold Training: Morality, Concentration, and Wisdom.
Charity Zakah, Every year a Muslim is obliged to pay 2.5% of his savings to charity. Giving charity is believed to be auspicious in Buddhism. Although it is not obligatory it is said to lead to pure generosity which is a "perfection" that should be achieved by Buddhists.
War Islamic ruling goes into great detail about the conduct during warfare. Some of the main aspects include: only engaging in warfare in self-defense of your people, forbidding of harming women, children or the elderly, forbidding of disrespecting dead bodies, forbidding of destroying enemy crops or livestock, forbidding of harming enemy religious practitioners. Buddhists are completely non-violent as the Gautama Buddha teaches that if at any point one is violent he is not following the Buddhist teachings.
Meaning of Life Humans are to not get so attached to this material life and instead should worship and be mindful of God always so as to move closer to him and ultimately be rewarded with their place in Paradise. Avoid suffering and gain enlightenment and release from cycle of rebirth, or at least attain a better rebirth by gaining merit.
Life after death All beings created with reason will be accountable to God Almighty on the Day of Judgement. They will be rewarded for every atom's weight of good, and either forgiven or punished for their evil deeds. Until one has attained Nirvana, he or she will be reborn into any of the 31 planes of existence over and over again, due to his/her karma.
Definition Islam is an Arabic word which means "Submission or surrender your will to God in Peace". Buddhists mean those who follow the teachings of the Buddha.

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