Do Muslims believe in Mary and Jesus (peace be upon them both)?
Mary, the mother of Jesus, is a prominent figure in Islam.
Mary is mentioned 34 times in the Quran and is mentioned more in the Quran than in the entire New Testament and is the only woman mentioned by name in the Quran.
The Quran upholds Mary as one of the four perfect examples of womanhood (66:12). An entire chapter, Chapter 19, is dedicated to her and her story. Of the Quran's 114 chapters, she is among the eight people who have a chapter named after them.
The Quranic account of Mary includes the pregnancy of her mother Anna , Mary’s birth, the annunciations of the coming births of John the Baptist and Jesus, and affirmation of the virgin conception and birth of Jesus: “[Remember] her who preserved her chastity, into whom we breathed a life from Us, and made her and her son a token for mankind” (Quran 21:91).
The Quran teaches that Mary is to be revered because she completely submitted herself to God’s will, even though it meant that her own family would accuse her of adultery when it was discovered that she was pregnant (Quran 19:16-21). The Quran also records Jesus as an infant verbally defending Mary’s innocence (Quran 19:27-34).
Jesus is mentioned 25 times in the Quran.
Jesus is an important figure in the Quran. No one can be a Muslim unless he or she believes in the prophethood of Jesus.
Like Christians, Muslim believes in the virgin conception of Jesus by God’s spirit. The Quran also records some of Jesus’ miracles by God’s permission, including giving sight to the blind, healing lepers, raising the dead and breathing life into clay birds (Quran 5:110).
The Quran also reports Jesus’ proclamation of the need to worship God as the only God and his own status as a witness to God (Quran 5:116-17).
Muslim and Christians beliefs about Jesus differ in two areas.
First, although Muslims believe in the virgin conception and birth of Jesus through an act of God’s spirit, they do not believe that Jesus is the Son of God. They believe that he is one of the long line of righteous prophets and second only to Muhammad in importance (Quran 6:83-87). For Muslims, the Christian doctrine of the Trinity represents a form of polytheism, affirming belief in three gods rather than one God alone (Quran 4:171, 5:17, 5:72-77)
Second, Muslims do not believe in the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus (Quran 4:157-58). They believe that, although it appeared that Jesus was crucified, instead God took Jesus to Himself in a manner similar to what happened to Elijah (Quran 3:55, 4:157-589). Muslims do not believe in the Christian doctrine of Original Sin, so there is no theological need for the all-atoning sacrifice of Jesus through his crucifixion and resurrection. Muslims further believe that each of us will be held accountable before God for our own actions and thus responsible for our own salvation. Therefore, we will not be able to rely upon anyone else, not even Jesus or Muhammad, to save us from our sins.